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What is Japan’s ODA (Official Development Assistance)?

| International Cooperation Reports, Reports | 12/15/2014


Japan’s Official Development Assistance - Structure

Japan’s Official Development Assistance

Official Development Assistance (ODA) refers to grants and loans with concessional conditions that are given to developing countries and regions that are included on the list of aid recipient countries and regions created by the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), mainly for the purpose of contributing to the improvement of economic development and welfare, etc.

ODA consists of bilateral aid, which is used to support developing countries directly, and multilateral aid, which is support provided through international organizations. Bilateral aid can be divided into two categories: grants and government loans. Grants are cooperation that is provided to developing countries without repayment. There are two types: grant aid and technical cooperation. Grants include contributions to specific projects implemented by international organizations. On the other hand, government loans are given on the assumption that the developing country will repay the loan in the future. Project loans refer to loans to specific projects implemented by governments of developing countries to develop socio—economic infrastructure such as roads, power plants, and irrigation facilities. Non-project loans refer to loans for assistance in improvement of policies and institutions of developing countries rather than loans to specific projects. In addition, Private-Sector Investment Finance, which provides the loans or investment for private-sector companies that implement projects in developing countries, restarted full-fledgedly in October 2012. Multilateral aid includes contributions to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), contributions and subscriptions to the World Bank, etc.


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List of ODA Recipient Countries (1960-2012)

Region Country Year Total
East Asia South Korea 1960-2009 $278,150,000
China 1979-2012 $19,456,010,000
Hong Kong 1969-2012 $92,630,000
Macau 1979-2008 $2,640,000
Mongolia 1985-2012 $1,623,720,000
Indonesia 1969-2012 $18,245,600,000
Cambodia 1969-2012 $2,146,860,000
Singapore 1969-2012 $217,830,000
Thai 1969-2012 $5,753,940,000
East Timor 1974-2012 $242,830,000
Philippines 1969-2012 $9,899,960,000
Brunei 1974-2012 $45,560,000
Vietnam 1969-2012 $12,152,510,000
Malaysia 1969-2012 $2,741,720,000
Myanmar 1969-2012 $3,264,400,000
Laos 1969-2012 $1,804,500,000
Multiple Countries 1973-2012 $414,290,000
South Asia India 1969-2012 $12,461,990,000
Sri Lanka 1969-2012 $5,032,430,000
Nepal 1969-2012 $2,296,460,000
Pakistan 1969-2012 $6,673,930,000
Bangladesh 1972-2012 $5,735,530,000
Bhutan 1969-2012 $470,640,000
Maldives 1970-2012 $320,820,000
Multiple Countries 1969-2012 $30,960,000
Middle Asia & Caucasus Azerbaijan 1992-2012 $654,910,000
Armenia 1994-2012 $390,610,000
Uzbekistan 1992-2012 $825,740,000
Kazakhstan 1992-2012 $817,140,000
Kyrgyzstan 1992-2012 $535,450,000
Georgia 1994-2012 $174,490,000
Tajikistan 1992-2012 $221,890,000
Turkmenistan 1992-2012 $39,220,000
Multiple Countries 2007-2012 $12,950,000
Middle East & North Africa Afghanistan 1969-2012 $3,563,780,000
United Arab Emirates 1972-2012 $33,040,000
Algeria 1969-2012 $52,080,000
Yemen 1969-2012 $830,180,000
Israel 1970-2012 $17,270,000
Iraq 1969-2012 $8,673,890,000
Iran 1969-2012 $372,630,000
Egypt 1969-2012 $3,454,220,000
Oman 1975-2012 $132,730,000
Qatar 1970-2012 $10,750,000
Kuwait 1969-2012 $11,830,000
Saudi Arabia 1969-2012 $44,960,000
Syria 1969-2012 $877,400,000
Tunisia 1974-2012 $812,740,000
Turkey 1969-2012 $2,613,280,000
Bahrain 1974-2012 $18,500,000
Palestinian National Authority 1993-2012 $735,660,000
Morocco 1969-2012 $1,549,430,000
Jordan 1969-2012 $1,525,110,000
Libya 1970-2012 $13,180,000
Lebanon 1969-2012 $116,710,000
Multiple Countries 1969-2012 $111,730,000
Sub-Saharan Africa & Aflica Angola 1978-2012 $337,410,000
Uganda 1969-2012 $746,090,000
Ethiopia 1969-2012 $1,237,920,000
Eritrea 1994-2012 $125,680,000
Ghana 1969-2012 $2,110,680,000
Cape Verde 1980-2012 $190,000,000
Gabon 1969-2012 $72,320,000
Cameroon 1970-2012 $378,520,000
Gambia 1977-2012 $163,020,000
Guinea 1970-2012 $548,150,000
Guinea-Bissau 1969-2012 $122,850,000
Kenya 1969-2012 $2,539,220,000
Cote d’Ivoire 1969-2012 $703,830,000
Comoros 1980-2012 $62,220,000
Congo 1975-2012 $46,910,000
Democratic Republic of the Congo 1969-2012 $1,363,920,000
São Tomé and Príncipe 1981-2012 $57,230,000
Zambia 1970-2012 $1,814,720,000
Sierra Leone 1976-2012 $280,270,000
Djibouti 1978-2012 $306,060,000
Zimbabwe 1980-2012 $761,680,000
Sudan 1969-2012 $94,600,000
Swaziland 1971-2012 $149,750,000
Seychelles 1978-2012 $61,420,000
Equatorial Guinea 1983-2012 $11,640,000
Senegal 1969-2012 $1,326,530,000
Saint Helena 1989-2012 $650,000
Somalia 1969-2012 $310,260,000
Tanzania 1969-2012 $3,330,760,000
Chad 1978-2012 $107,120,000
Central African Republic 1971-2012 $378,090,000
Togo 1972-2012 $240,590,000
Nigeria 1969-2012 $2,427,700,000
Namibia 1990-2012 $199,330,000
Niger 1971-2012 $618,250,000
Burkina Faso 1973-2012 $477,650,000
Burundi 1972-2012 $263,160,000
Benin 1972-2012 $402,390,000
Botswana 1976-2012 $139,470,000
Madagascar 1969-2012 $933,110,000
Malawi 1971-2012 $1,047,890,000
Mali 1975-2012 $638,110,000
South Africa 1991-2012 $240,310,000
South Sudan 2011-2012 $100,590,000
Mauritius 1976-2012 $103,380,000
Mauritania 1974-2012 $545,020,000
Mozambique 1975-2012 $1,071,280,000
Liberia 1972-2012 $352,330,000
Rwanda 1970-2012 $335,820,000
Lesotho 1976-2012 $112,600,000
Réunion 1984-1992 $60,000
Multiple Countries 1972-2012 $1,048,140,000
Latin America Argentina 1969-2012 $588,940,000
Aruba 1997 $10,000
Antigua and Barbuda 1982-2012 $55,350,000
Uruguay 1970-2012 $150,560,000
Ecuador 1969-2012 $482,960,000
El Salvador 1969-2012 $656,100,000
Guyana 1974-2012 $115,920,000
Cuba 1970-2012 $68,950,000
Guatemala 1969-2012 $784,370,000
Guadeloupe 1983-1992 $40,000
Grenada 1978-2012 $59,020,000
Cayman Islands 1980 $10,000
Costa Rica 1969-2012 $308,880,000
Colombia 1969-2012 $288,260,000
Jamaica 1974-2012 $84,990,000
Suriname 1974-2012 $44,110,000
Saint Kitts and Nevis 1984-2012 $18,110,000
Saint Vincent 1983-2012 $64,070,000
Saint Lucia 1980-2012 $78,810,000
Chile 1969-2012 $460,890,000
Dominican Republic 1969-2012 $486,280,000
Dominica 1979-2012 $77,050,000
Trinidad and Tobago 1969-2012 $31,320,000
Nicaragua 1970-2012 $948,850,000
Haiti 1976-2012 $327,030,000
Panama 1969-2012 $509,190,000
Bahamas 1976-2007 $560,000
Bermuda 1982-1985 $20,000
Paraguay 1969-2012 $1,079,740,000
Barbados 1977-2012 $10,040,000
French Guiana 1980-1992 - $240,000
Brazil 1969-2012 $1,782,300,000
Venezuela 1969-2012 $118,700,000
Belize 1984-2012 $24,710,000
Peru 1969-2012 $1,596,120,000
Bolivia 1969-2012 $1,731,220,000
Honduras 1969-2012 $1,440,550,000
Martinique 1976, 1983 $20,000
Mexico 1969-2012 $850,910,000
Montserrat 1980-2005 $450,000
Nederlandse Antillen 1977-1998 $140,000
Multiple Countries 1971-2012 $190,420,000
Oceania Northern Mariana Islands 1990-1996 - $970,000
Kiribati 1974-2012 $208,830,000
Cook Islands 1981-2012 $9,280,000
Samoa 1972-2012 $347,500,000
Solomon Islands 1972-2012 $290,650,000
Tuvalu 1981-2012 $91,910,000
Tokelau 2012 $10,000
Tonga 1973-2012 $239,810,000
Nauru 1981-2012 $21,780,000
Niue 1985-2012 $1,500,000
New Caledonia 1975-2012 $1,680,000
Vanuatu 1977-2012 $167,160,000
Papua New Guinea 1969-2012 $633,590,000
Palau 1990-2012 $205,750,000
Fiji 1972-2012 $414,250,000
French Polynesia 1980-2012 $1,580,000
United States Minor Outlying Islands 1973-2000 $148,900,000
Marshall Islands 1990-2012 $143,630,000
Federated States of Micronesia 1990-2012 $248,630,000
Wallis and Futuna 1992-2012 $200,000
Multiple Countries 1971-2012 $163,880,000
European Union Albania 1990-2012 $104,700,000
Ukraine 2005-2012 $257,660,000
Estonia 2005-2012 $1,660,000
Cyprus 1973-2012 $2,500,000
Greece 1973-2012 $7,780,000
Croatia 1995-2012 $14,620,000
Kosovo 2009-2012 $11,030,000
Spain 1969-1982 $1,570,000
Slovenia 1995-2012 $1,760,000
Serbia 1995-2012 $219,840,000
Belarus 2005-2012 $4,250,000
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1996-2012 $337,950,000
Portugal 1978-1991 $3,270,000
Republic of Macedonia 1995-2014 $214,780,000
Malta 1970-2012 $4,570,000
Moldova 1997-2012 $69,550,000
Montenegro 2006-2012 $15,130,000
Latvia 2005-2012 $1,450,000
Lithuania 2005-2012 $2,560,000
Yugoslavia 1969-2012 $890,590,000
Multiple Countries 1971-2012 $154,470,000
Eastern Europe Slovakia 1993-2011 $88,620,000
Czech Republic 1993-2011 $25,920,000
Hungary 1990-2012 $115,750,000
Bulgaria 1990-2012 $392,200,000
Poland 1990-2011 $534,210,000
Romania 1990-2012 $725,240,000
Multiple Countries 1991-2012 $13,090,000

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